"[Herschel] Shanks [cites] ancient graffiti etched onto a fresco at a Pompeii building. The grafitti reads 'Sodom and Gomorra.'
In Shanks’s opinion, the text is proof that a Jewish visitor to the ruins believed its fate followed that of the two sin cities that the Bible says were destroyed by God."
"What did these representations mean to the Romans? The best answer is that more than one response is possible, not only for different persons, but also for the same viewer. Romans found erotic art stimulating in more than just the obvious sense. The art possible functioned as an aphrodisiac; a didactic paradigm; an expression of humor; above all, sexual satire; a display of wealth and/or culture, especially Greek culture, which was highly prized by the elite; or merely as decoration. So it is reductionist, for example, to view wall paintings in a brothel as a sort of pictorial menu of the specialties of the house."
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