Babies without intended parents
August 13, 2011 9:49 AM Subscribe
posted by Salamandrous (28 comments total)
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Babies by nobody and for nobody are an institution in France
and a hundred-thousand+ dollar illegal commodity in LA
In France, a baby can be technically born to nobody: "sous x
Take Laetitia Buron, for example. When she gave birth, in Nice, on 7 November 1987, a sheet was put over her legs so that she would not see her child – then common practice for women giving birth sous X ("under X"), the law that allows women in France to have a baby and hand it over for adoption without disclosing their identity...
According to Claude Sageot-Chomel, president of DPEAO, an association which defends the rights of people to know their origins, the law persists because France is fundamentally a conservative country. He argues that the legislation is a way of "manufacturing children without any kin to suit the profitable adoption industry ... There has been a huge amount of Catholic influence on the medical world to defend a woman's right to give birth in secret". He suggests that the state's refusal to acknowledge that a child can have multiple filiations comes from fears that this would open the way to gay adoption and the development of unconventional family structures.
Last month, a law came into force upholding bans on sperm donation to lesbian couples, on surrogate motherhood, and restated that gamete donation must remain anonymous. Some say this legislation will bring the suffering of those born sous X to a new generation.
In the United States, surrogacy is legal, but intended parents are required; You can't legally create an embryo to be shopped around for an 'adoptive' family, but some have tried
...the surrogates (who were US citizens) were sent to the Ukraine to have embryos transferred. There were no intended parents at this point. One of the defendants selected the sperm and the eggs, looking to create designer babies for whom there would be high demand. Recruiting for surrogates was done over the internet, as is common.
Once the surrogates were back in the states, the defendants would look for “buyers”–which is to say, prospective parents. (The surrogates were required to give birth in California, because the law there was favorable.) Contrary to my earlier account, prospective parents weren’t told an adoption had fallen through, but rather that (non-existent) intended parents had backed out of a surrogacy arrangement. Essentially they were offered the chance to step-in as new intended parents–for a price.
, about anonymity in gamete donation)