There were 8 fatalities as a result of injury: 5 athletes with an isolated subdural hematoma, 1 athlete with a sub-dural hematoma and diffuse brain edema, 1 athlete with atriovenous malformation, and 1 athlete with diffuse brain edema. All patients died within 28 days of the injury except 1 athlete who remained in a coma with a feeding tube for 5 years.
The forty-six athletes with a nonfatal (permanent neurologic deficit) injury were determined to have a variety of residual deficits such as memory loss, slurred speech, paralysis, blindness, seizures, personality changes, hearing loss, spasticity, and medical complications. None of the athletes with a nonfatal injury returned to playing competitive football after the reported catastrophic head injury.
Thirty-six athletes were classified with a serious injury with no residual neurologic deficits. Two athletes returned to football without any known recurrences.
In the study period there were an average of 7.23 direct high school and college catastrophic head injuries in scholastic football participants per year. There were 0.67 injuries per 100 000 high school and 0.21 injuries per 100 000 college participants for a risk ratio of 3.28.
There were 0.67 injuries per 100 000 high school and 0.21 injuries per 100 000 college participants for a risk ratio of 3.28.
Educators are in thrall to their athletic departments because of these television riches and because they respect the political furies that can burst from a locker room.
I don't know about this in any serious way, so I can't really comment with authority. However, a discussion with a faculty member in our Kinesiology program who works with our female athletes casually confirmed my impression (drawn from my own students) that the female athletes are well aware that there is no significant hope for a professional career for them. They use their sports as they were intended -- to play, as amateurs, a sport they love while getting the education they can use to achieve their career goals. The male athletes, in my experience, are not so self aware.
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