Some of the questions are ones that whites will get right more often than minorities, and that people who do not live in metropolises will get right more often than people who do. That’s because I am writing about the problems of the new upper class, the new upper class is overwhelmingly white and urban, and the readers of this book are overwhelmingly white and urban. Note, however, that had I included questions that would be more easily answered by minorities in working-class urban neighborhoods, your score would probably been even worse.
As the new upper class increasingly consists of people who were born into upper-middle-class families andhave never lived outside the upper-middle-class bubble,
If you grew up in a working-class neighborhood, you are going tohave a high score even if you are now an investment banker living onPark Avenue. Your present life may be completely encased in the bub-ble, but you brought a lot of experience into the bubble that will al-ways be part of your understanding of America.
Evolutionary biologist Joseph L. Graves described the Bell Curve as an example of racist science, containing all the types of errors in the application of scientific method that have characterized the history of Scientific racism:
claims that are not supported by the data given
errors in calculation that invariably support the hypothesis
no mention of data that contradicts the hypothesis
no mention of theories and data that conflict with core assumptions
bold policy recommendations that are consistent with those advocated by racists.
Have you ever had a close friend who was an evangelical Christian?
He explicitly excludes Chipotle, even though the Chipotle is one of the most popular restaurants in the US.
Why a list of nine chains instead of the more natural topten? Because one of the top ten is Chipotle Mexican Grill, which is to the casual-dining genre of restaurants as Whole Foods is to grocery stores.
A lot of this opprobrium seems misplaced.
Being an opera fan was pretty much the norm among middle class whites in NYC a generation ago
the danger increases that the people who have so much inﬂuence on the course of the nation have little direct experience with the lives of ordinary Americans, and make their judgments about what’s good for other people based on their own highly atypical lives.
• A lifelong resident of a working-class neighborhood with average television and moviegoing habits. Range: 48–99. Typical: 77.
• A ﬁrst- generation middle-class person with working-class parents and average television and moviegoing habits. Range: 42–100. Typical: 66.
• A ﬁrst- generation upper-middle- class person with middle-class par- ents. Range: 11–80. Typical: 33.
• A second- generation (or more) upper-middle-class person who has made a point of getting out a lot. Range: 0–43. Typical: 9.
• A second- generation (or more) upper-middle-class person with the tele- vision and moviegoing habits of the upper middle class. Range: 0–20.Typical: 2
It gives extra points to people who are evangelical Christians (but not, say, Catholics, who tend to be more liberal). That's a pretty big indication of political bias right there.
I figured it was there to filter out Hispanics, who might otherwise be counted as Real Americans.
. tab ordinaryamerican
rican | Freq. Percent Cum.
0 | 14,668 97.35 97.35
1 | 399 2.65 100.00
Total | 15,067 100.00
Life sequestered from anybody not like yourself tends to be self-limiting.
America is coming apart. For most of our nation's history, whatever the inequality in wealth between the richest and poorest citizens, we maintained a cultural equality known nowhere else in the world—for whites, anyway.
I specify white, meaning non-Latino white, as a way of clarifying how broad and deep the cultural divisions in the U.S. have become. Cultural inequality is not grounded in race or ethnicity.
"America outside the enclaves of the new upper class is still a wonderful place, filled with smart, interesting, entertaining people. If you're not part of that America, you've stripped yourself of much of what makes being American special."
"You talk about the people as though you owned them, as though they belong to you. Goodness. As long as I can remember, you've talked about giving the people their rights, as if you can make them a present of Liberty, as a reward for services rendered. Remember the working man? You used to write an awful lot about the workingman. He's turning into something called organized labor. You're not going to like that one little bit when you find out it means that your workingman expects something is his right, not as your gift! Charlie, when your precious underprivileged really get together, oh boy! That's going to add up to something bigger than your privileges!
* NASCAR fans are middle class and just as affluent as the U.S. population: 45% earn $50,000+ per year (96 index vs. U.S. population)
* 1 out of 5 NASCAR fans is a minority.
...supporters are slightly more likely to be male and less likely to be lower-income.
John Calhoun: With us the two great divisions of society are not rich and poor, but white and black; and all the former, the poor as well as the rich, belong to the upper class, and are respected and treated as equals.
So while there is no such thing as an ordinary American, it is not the case that most Americans are balkanized into enclaves where they know little of what life is like for most other Americans. “The American mainstream” may be hard to specify in detail, but it exists.
Choose two random middle- or working- class families from New York and choose two from rural/smalltown Illinois or Indiana or Ohio and I have a hunch that the midwesterners would be more likely to have more in common than the New Yorkers.
the problem being is that these people are "normal" only because they believe they are and don't live in diverse enough environments to shake them from that belief
But it remains true that people who have a need for the things that a pickup truck can do are usually engaged in activities that people in the new upper class often don’t do at all. . .
Have you ever held a job that caused something to hurt at the end of the day?. . . Carpal tunnel syndrome [doesn't count].
Have you ever walked on a factory ﬂoor. . . had a job that entailed routine visits to factory ﬂoors . . . worked on a factory ﬂoor? I was prompted to use this question because of a personal experience. . . a quarter of a century ago. . .
Well, he does say that some answers are correct...
All clear now?
9. Have you ever had a close friend who could seldom get better than Cs in high school even if he or she tried hard?
Score 4 points for “yes.” I use this question as a way of getting at the question I would like to ask, “Have you ever had a close friend who would have scored below the national average on an IQ test?” I can’t ask that question, because readers who grew up in an upper-middle-class neighborhood or went to school with the children of the upper middle class have no way of knowing what average means. The empirical case for that statement is given in detail elsewhere, but it may be summarized quickly. The typical mean IQ for students in schools that the children of the upper-middle class attend isaround 115, compared to the national mean of 100. In such a school, almost all of the below-average students, the ones you thought of as the school’s dummies, actually were above the national average. Even if the students were arranged in a normal distribution around a mean of 115, only 11 percent of the students could be expected to have IQs under 100. But they probably weren’t normally distributed, especially at a private school that uses a ﬂoor of academic ability in its admission decisions. So if you went to upper-middle-class schools and think you had a good friend who was below the national IQ mean, and are right, it had to have been one of the students who was at the absolute bottom of academic ability.
(although I quite agree with what seems to be the general premise of the book. I'm pretty puzzled that people are leaping in to reject the idea that the American upper class are becoming increasingly out of touch with the American lower class just because it happens to be Charles fucking Murray who said it out loud)
I think the nearest thing to an actual measure of the upper class being out of touch with the lower would be intergenerational social/financial mobility.
Murray: Well, America has never been about maximizing wealth or international power. America has engaged in what I call and others have called the American project. It consists of the continuing effort begun with the founding, to demonstrate that human beings can be left free as individuals and families to live their lives as they see fit.
Is the White Working Class Coming Apart?
Charles Murray's Imaginary Elite
What the Founders Would Tell Charles Murray
Social Science Minus the Science
Now All Americans Are Losing Ground
Answering a Murray Defender
Postscript to the Murray Review
Poor, White, and Republican
What to Do About ‘Coming Apart’
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