The findings for England and Wales from the 2011 British Census
have now been released. The BBC provides a handy guide
to changes by area while The Guardian has a neat infographic
and a set of Top 10 Charts
The UK has more immigrants
, especially from India, Poland and Pakistan and most clearly in London and the South East. In 2011 13% (7.5 million) residents of England and Wales were born outside the UK; in 2001 this was 9% (4.6 million). Data
England and Wales have become more ethnically diverse
. The White ethnic group accounted for 86.0% of the usual resident population in 2011, a decrease from 91.3% in 2001 and 94.1% in 1991. Data
Fewer people describe themselves as Christians
. Between 2001 and 2011 people who identify as Christian fell from 71.7% to 59.3% and an increase in those reporting no religion rose from 14.8% to 25.1%. Data
Women have become more important in the labour market
. The Census estimates that there are 602,000 more people who are employed than the Labour Force Survey (LFS)
indicates. Most of the observed differences are for women, with the Census estimating that there are 538,000 more economically active women than the LFS and 272,000 fewer economically inactive women than the LFS. Data
The resident population in England and Wales was 56.1 million in 2011
, a rise of 3.7 million from 52.4 million in 2001. Married people are now in the minority
. The number of people renting from a private landlord has nearly doubled in 10 years
. There are 8,259 Jedis in Wales
and 176,632 across the UK. There are 1,893 Satanists, 2,400 Scientologists and 7,906 Rastafarians
. Fewer than 1 in 5 people in Wales are Welsh speakers
. Boston, Lincolnshire, has the highest proportion of Eastern Europeans. Oxford has the most agnostics.
Four out of five people said they were in good or very good health.
But Wales, where a quarter of adults are unqualified
, dominates the poor health league
. 84,000 people consider themselves Cornish, more than double the figure for 2001.
More than 1m people identify as mixed race
Some quirks of the survey
Blackpool is the divorce capital. Kensington is a hub of miners
, Hampshire has the most Buddhists. More than a quarter of people in the Isles of Scilly do not have central heating
, apparently. Islington has the most singletons
. King's Lynn has a lot of caravans. People work hard in the Lake District. A third of people in Blaenau Gwent, southeast Wales do not travel abroad. Norwich is godless
. People in South Buckinghamshire have the most cars.