For Rebecca Woolf, maternal ambition led to the creation of her website, Girl’s Gone Child, in 2005, when she was 23 and had just given birth to her son Archer. She has since had three more children (a girl, Fable, and twins named Reverie and Boheme), and every day she posts staged photos of her kids that make her family life look like one big, wholesome-but-funky romp.
We can grasp the social reproductive dimension of the post-1973 crisis in various phenomena in the U.S., but none stands out more sharply than the disappearance of the one-paycheck working-class family, of which millions existed ca. 1960. The recognition that most of those single paychecks in 1960 were earned by “white men” should not divert attention today, when two or more paychecks are required to maintain a working-class household, from a terrible rollback. Without for a moment denying the importance of the “feminization of the work force”, the fact remains that millions of women entered the the U.S. work force after 1960 because they HAD to. Even at the individual level, the average work week has crept up from ca. 39 hours in 1970 to about 43 now. The minimum wage in the U.S. in 1973 was $3.25 per hour; today it is $6.15, and it would have to be raised to $18 to recover the purchasing power of the 1973 level. More broadly, real wages plateaud in 1965-1973 and have stayed flat or fallen (mainly fallen) for at least 80% of the population since...
I say there is a role for that because literally if you want to tell me my son's father has the right to take half of my custody when I have a newborn nursing infant that I just birthed myself I'm going to fight you because I think you're a jerk.
Imho, children should be raised by their grandparents, as already happens in poor families. If we do not choose this, the economics of scale dictate that eventually humanity shall turn to the state and corporations to raise them. A maternal instinct makes a lovely video game, but it's not a terribly efficient way to spend your twenties and thirties.
Yes, children USED to often be raised by grandparents, but the modern economy has the working poor and working class working well past the time their grandchildren are young.
France has an unemployment rate above 10 percent, which suggests limiting the work week is note quite the panacea you make it out to be.
Most people I know making in the low 100s live in 3-4 bedroom houses and have 1-2 cars. Their kids go to public school. While they are much more privileged than those with less income
Well, let's see. Owning a house is generally taken as a fairly low and reasonable middle-class indicator. If you need to make 40X your rent in order to get a place, I'd say it's reasonable to assume someone must make 40X their mortgage + utilities + property taxes + mandatory insurance in order to be fiscally responsible.
To the Zillow, Batman! Well, looks like there's plenty of houses in Crown Heights, Brownsville, Bed-Stuy, and other high-crime areas where no one in their right mind would voluntarily move with kids. Let's look at the median, some areas not known for being rich. How about Bensonhurst or Dyker Heights? Oh, zero houses or condos in that area for that price range. There's one, count it, one house in Bay Ridge.
So yeah - you can be making that and still in the middle-class. If you are not able to buy a home in a safe - not even nice, but safe - neighborhood, you are absolutely middle class.
It's easy to shame, to say "Well I don't make that, so you are obviously rich as hell." But that is completely unfair to families that do have tough times on those levels.
Really, how perfectly optimized does a woman's life trajectory have to be before she's allowed to follow it without judgement?
Put another way, you can probably get a somewhat similar job in Des Moines, for less money.
I agree with bastionofsanity, you're not truly "Upper Class" if you still have to show up to a job every day. Wealthy lawyers who work 70 hour weeks may make obscene amounts of money but at the end of the day, they're tired.
Yes, by train - but how expensive is that train? A look at the MTA page reveals it would cost 486$ a month, which kind of cancels out the benefit of the cheaper housebuying.
Seems easy enough to see lower, lower-middle, middle, upper-middle and upper class as referring to quintiles, in which case it is very straightforward who is what. You are in the lower class until $18.5k per year, lower-middle is 18.5 to 34K, middle class is 34k to 55k, upper middle class is 55k to 88k, and yes, you're upper class if you break $88,000 per year within a household.
those who were enrolled in a quality preschool program were more likely to graduate high school, own homes, stay married longer, and have higher incomes later in life.
participants, at age 30, had significantly more education than those in a control group and were four-times more likely to have earned a college degree. Participants in the early education group also were more likely to be employed, less likely to have used public-assistance, and not have children as young as those in the control group.
At age 28, the adults who received preschool educations years before had significantly higher job prestige, earnings and socioeconomic status. In addition to boosting the life-course prospects of the children who received preschool education, the program also saves society money. It costs around $8,000 to send a child to preschool for a half day during the school year, but the estimated benefits in terms of increased productivity and reduced cost to the criminal justice system put the savings at just over $80,000, a ten-fold return on investment.
The authors found test impacts of 3.00 points (0.79 of the standard deviation for the control group) for the Letter-Word Identification score, 1.86 points (0.64 of the standard deviation of the control group) for the Spelling score, and 1.94 points (0.38 of the standard deviation of the control group) for the Applied Problems score. Hispanic, Black, White, and Native American children all benefit from the program, as do children in diverse income brackets, as measured by school lunch eligibility status. The authors conclude that Oklahoma's universal pre-K program has succeeded in enhancing the school readiness of a diverse group of children.
When my son asks me why condensation forms on a cold glass or my daughter asks me where a rainbow comes from, I don't say, "Derp! I don't know, so go ask your assigned government employee tomorrow".
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