One theory is that low-income white women smoke and drink and abuse prescription drugs like OxyContin and street drugs like meth more than black women. Despite Crystal’s weight and diabetes, those problems are more common among black women and usually kill more slowly.
Black women without a high-school diploma are now outliving their white counterparts.
White men without high-school diplomas had lost three years of life expectancy, but it was the decline for women like Crystal that made the study news.
Social and economic factors increase the vulnerability of low socioeconomic communities to risk factors such as smoking, obesity, physical inactivity, hypertension, and HIV infection.– People without health insurance are less likely to receive basic preventive services or standard timely treatment.,  Those with lower health literacy are less likely to seek medical attention for asymptomatic conditions or to navigate the health care system effectively.,  The prevalence of most major risk factors remains much higher among persons with lower than high socioeconomic position.– Progress in reducing smoking has been slowest among the least educated.,  The prevalence of obesity, hypertension, and diabetes has increased in all socioeconomic position groups in recent years., –
Differences In Life Expectancy Due To Race And Educational Differences Are Widening, And Many May Not Catch Up
It has long been known that despite well-documented improvements in longevity for most Americans, alarming disparities persist among racial groups and between the well-educated and those with less education. In this article we update estimates of the impact of race and education on past and present life expectancy, examine trends in disparities from 1990 through 2008, and place observed disparities in the context of a rapidly aging society that is emerging at a time of optimism about the next revolution in longevity. We found that in 2008 US adult men and women with fewer than twelve years of education had life expectancies not much better than those of all adults in the 1950s and 1960s. When race and education are combined, the disparity is even more striking. In 2008 white US men and women with 16 years or more of schooling had life expectancies far greater than black Americans with fewer than 12 years of education—14.2 years more for white men than black men, and 10.3 years more for white women than black women. These gaps have widened over time and have led to at least two “Americas,” if not multiple others, in terms of life expectancy, demarcated by level of education and racial-group membership. The message for policy makers is clear: implement educational enhancements at young, middle, and older ages for people of all races, to reduce the large gap in health and longevity that persists today.
In low-income white communities of the South, it is still women who are responsible for the home and for raising children, but increasingly they are also raising their husbands. A husband is a burden and an occasional heartache rather than a helpmate, but one women are told they cannot do without. More and more, data show that poor women are working the hardest and earning the most in their families but can't take the credit for being the breadwinners. Women do the emotional work for their families, while men reap the most benefits from marriage. The rural South is a place that often wants to remain unchanged from the 1950s and 1960s, and its women are now dying as if they lived in that era, too.
"If you are a woman, and you are a poorly educated woman, opportunities for you are next to nothing. You get married and you have kids. You can't necessarily provide as well as you'd like to for those kids. Oftentimes, the way things are, you're better off if you’re not working. You get more help. You get better care for your kids if you're not working. It's a horrible cycle.
"You don't even hear about women's lib, because that's come and gone. But you hear about glass ceilings, and I think girls, most especially girls, have to be taught that just because they're girls doesn’t mean they can't do something. That they are just as smart, that they are just as valuable as males. And we have to teach boys that girls can be that way, too. They all need the love, nurturing, and support from somebody from their family or who's not their family. Somebody who's willing to step up. There has to be something to inspire kids to want more, to want better. And they have to realize that they're going to have to work hard to get it. I don't know how you do that..."
"Bullshit, this issue affects men and women equally!" Guess what? It doesn't. That's what the FPP is about.
It's almost like some folks are so uncomfortable with the notion that any woman could possibly have it even marginally worse than a man that they feel the need to loudly deny the existence of gendered phenomena even when presented with clear evidence to the contrary.
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