The reality is that since 1993 more than 370 young women and girls have been murdered in the cities of Ciudad Juarez and Chihuahua - at least a third suffering sexual violence - without the authorities taking proper measures to investigate and address the problem.
In a heated meeting in Juarez on Feb. 2, the mothers presented a six-point list of demands that requires the authorities to immediately hand over all information on the cases of their daughters, to make investigations transparent, and for investigations into the cases of the disappeared to be considered a priority and expedited.
At one point during the meeting, Ciudad Juarez Municipal President, Héctor Murguía Lardizábal, lost control and showed exactly the kind of attitude the mothers were complaining about. “Fucking mothers! Let me speak!” he yelled, as the mothers pointedly expressed their grief and frustration to the officials. ... The Feb. 2 meeting ended with Governor Duarte publically pledging to fulfill the demands within 30 days ... Yet impunity and a rejection of justice seem to be the only commitment being made by authorities. According to the legal representative of the Committee of Mothers of the Disappeared, Francisca Galvan, Duarte has failed to fulfill his promises.
Every day, Marisela fought for justice for her daughter and sought out the killer. She received multiple death threats. She responded saying, “If they’re going to kill me, they should do it right in front of the government building so they feel ashamed.”
And they did. Marisela took her demands for justice from the border to the state capital where a hit man approached her in broad daylight, chased her down, then shot her in the head. [YT link; murder caught on camera] ...
Another case is that of Norma Andrade and her daughter Malú Garcia ... In 2001 Andrade’s daughter, Lilia Alejandra García Andrade was the victim of an unsolved femicide. Similar to Escobedo, Andrade and her other daughter, Malú Garcia, began to organize against femicides, violence against women, and the widespread impunity that has allowed the phenomenon to grip many parts of the country. In the winter of 2011 ... Andrade survived a gunman’s attack, resulting in 5 bullet wounds and Garcia suffered an arsonist attack, resulting in the destruction of her home. Later in 2012, after seeking protection and relocating to Mexico City, Andrade survived another attempt on her life when a man entered her home and tried to stab her.
The body of Adriana Sarmiento was retained in the Coroner’s Office for about a year or more”, said a source of Los Angeles Press. This case is similar to Hilda Gabriela Rivas Campos, 16 years of age; she went missing in February, 2008 and murdered the same year. Her body was found at Kilometer 57 in Valle de Juarez and was kept in the Coroner’s Office for three years until the authorities decided to notify her mother on September 27, 2011 ... Of 26 bodies of women who have been retained in the morgue, including Adriana Sarmiento, only two have been identified and returned to their families, Hilda Gabriela Rivas and Monica Liliana Delgado, found at Kilometer 75. Another body has been identified as Jasmine Villa Esparza, found in San Agustin, and her mother has not been notified. Seven unidentified bodies were found in Loma Blanca, and 15 more, also unidentified, were found in the Valle de Juarez, without specifying in which town.
From modest beginnings, the maquiladora labor force has grown to nearly a quarter-million workers in 300 plants in the city, most of them U.S. owned. Many workers migrated from Mexico’s interior; in fact, Ciudad Juárez is sometimes called a “city of migrants.”
At the outset, women represented about 80% of the assembly-line workers. By the early 21st century, the percentage of women in the maquiladora workforce diminished, but it is still more than half. In the 40 years of industrial production on the border, gender anxieties, threats and some male backlash have emerged in response to women’s greater earning power, however modest, in the formal workforce. The local media have sometimes expressed hostility toward the maquiladora women, most notably in the 1980s and early 1990s. Popular folklore often portrays these women as oversexed libertines who stay out late and dress provocatively, leading some politicians to blame the victims.
In June 2003, Perzabal and Kiecker were suddenly arrested and charged with the killing of 16-year-old Viviana Rayas. Publicly connecting the crime to a Satanic-like ritual, the [Chihuahua State Attorney General's Office] claimed the couple made voluntary confessions. But the two distraught suspects soon told a different story to the press: Chihuahua state policemen used electric shocks and other forms of torture to extract false murder confessions. The couple's account was found credible by investigators from the US Department of State and Guadalupe Morfin, President Fox's special femicide commissioner from 2003 to 2006. The PGJE [State Attorney General's Office] produced no real evidence to prove its allegations, and a Chihuahua judge acquitted Kiecker and Perzabal of the Rayas murder in December 2004 ... During the nearly 18 months he spent in a Chihuahua City prison awaiting trial, Perzabal met "hundreds" of prisoners who blamed Mayorga, Cobos and other PGJE officers for torturing them, he added.
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