Nobel Peace Prize goes to OPCW, citing Syrian conflict
October 11, 2013 8:19 AM Subscribe
The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
posted by Etrigan (37 comments total)
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has been awarded the 2013 Nobel Peace Prize
, with the Norwegian Nobel Committee saying, "Recent events in Syria, where chemical weapons have again been put to use, have underlined the need to enhance the efforts to do away with such weapons."
The OPCW -- which has a similar role of inspection and advocacy to the International Atomic Energy Agency, one of the recipients of the 2005 Peace Prize -- was founded in 1997 in the Hague to oversee the implementation of the Chemical Weapons Convention of 1993 and to advocate for the elimination of chemical weapons around the world.
The first Director-General of the OPCW, Brazilian diplomat José Maurício Bustani, was removed from office
in 2002 over his attempts to bring Iraq into the OPCW and allow inspections of Iraq's chemical weapons regime. The Bush Administration felt that any such inspections would be too lenient and dispatched John Bolton to the Hague to call an emergency session calling for Bustani's removal. The removal (48-3, with 43 abstentions) was later ruled to be improper by the International Labour Organization
(itself a Peace Prize recipient in 1969), but Bustani was not reinstated.
Malala Yousafzai (previously
) was widely seen to be the front-runner for the prize this year, with Ladbrokes putting 5/3 odds on the 16-year-old Pakistani advocate for women's education. This is the second year in a row the committee has awarded the Peace Prize to an organization rather than an individual (the 2012 prize went to the European Union), which marks the first time the Peace Prize has been awarded to organizations rather than individuals in consecutive years.