EA involves the use of the three primary weapons types to degrade, neutralize, or destroy enemy equipment, facilities, or personnel. That includes jamming or spoofing the enemy’s own use of the electromagnetic spectrum and directed energy systems, including lasers, radio frequency (RF) weapons, and particle beams.
EP is the flip side, using defensive and counter-threat technologies to protect personnel, facilities, and equipment from all aspects of electronic attack.
ES, meanwhile, comprises actions tasked by an operational command- er to search for, intercept, identify, and pinpoint electromagnetic energy-weapons and common background-to determine what EW operations, offensive and defensive, are required to avoid and target enemy threats. Data gathered by ES operations also can be used for signals intelligence (SIGINT), electronics intelligence (ELINT), and communications intelligence (COMINT).
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