The U.N. Security Council on July 30 gave Sudan 30 days to rein in the Janjaweed militia and facilitate relief to black Africans uprooted from their homes in Darfur or face the prospect of sanctions.
However, most penalties that the United Nations or the United States could impose would have a negligible impact on the Sudanese government and the militia, said a U.S. official who keeps close watch on the humanitarian situation in the African country.
"The United Nations Security Council Friday passed a resolution threatening the Sudanese government with economic and diplomatic punishment for the alleged genocide that government-allied militiamen are waging against black Africans in the country's Darfur region.
Last week, the U.S. House and Senate unanimously passed separate resolutions urging the Bush administration to label the violence genocide. The U.N Security Council resolution warns that the penalties will be imposed unless the Sudanese government disarms within 30 days the Arab militiamen who are blamed for killing an estimated 30,000 black Africans.
The U.S. agreed to drop the word "sanctions" from the U.N. resolution after criticism from Security Council members such as China, Pakistan and Russia, which opposed immediate sanctions against the Khartoum-based government of Sudan. Despite the change in wording, China and Pakistan still abstained from voting on the resolution."
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