# Atonement Joe Wright
# The Darjeeling Limited Wes Anderson
# Sleuth Kenneth Branagh
# Redacted Brian De Palma
# The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford Andrew Dominik
# Nessuna qualità agli eroi Paolo Franchi
# Michael Clayton Tony Gilroy
# Nightwatching Peter Greenaway
# En la ciudad de Sylvia Jose Luis Guerin
# In the Valley of Elah Paul Haggis
# I’m not There Todd Haynes
# Taiyang zhaochang shenqi (The Sun Also Rises) Jiang Wen
# Bangbang wo aishen (Help Me Eros) Lee Kang Sheng
# La Graine et le mulet Abdellatif Kechiche
# Se, jie (Lust, Caution) Ang Lee
# It’s a Free World… Ken Loach
# L’ora di punta Vincenzo Marra
# Sukiyaki Western Django Miike Takashi
# 12 Nikita Mikhalkov
# Il dolce e l’amaro Andrea Porporati
# Les Amours d’Astrée et Céladon Eric Rohmer
The original screenplay by Hampton Fancher was based loosely on Philip K. Dick's Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?, which he optioned in 1980 after an unsuccessful previous attempt. However, Fancher's script focused more on environmental issues and less on issues of humanity and faith, which weighed heavily in the novel. When Ridley Scott became involved with the film, he wanted changes to the script made, and eventually hired David Peoples to perform the re-writes after Fancher refused. The film's title also changed several times during the writing process; it was to be called Dangerous Days in Fancher's last draft before eventually taking the title Blade Runner, borrowed (with permission) from a William S. Burroughs treatment of Alan E. Nourse's science fiction novel The Bladerunner (1974).
As a result of Fancher's divergence from the novel, numerous re-writes before and throughout shooting the film, and the fact that Ridley Scott never entirely read the novel on which the film was based, the film diverged significantly from its original inspiration. Some of the themes in the novel that were minimized or entirely removed include: fertility/sterility of the population, religion, mass media, Deckard's uncertainty that he is human, and real versus synthetic pets and emotions.
Philip K. Dick refused an offer of $400,000 to write a novelization of the Blade Runner screenplay, saying "[I was] told the cheapo novelization would have to appeal to the twelve-year-old audience" and "[it] would have probably been disastrous to me artistically." He added, "That insistence on my part of bringing out the original novel and not doing the novelization — they were just furious. They finally recognized that there was a legitimate reason for reissuing the novel, even though it cost them money. It was a victory not just of contractual obligations but of theoretical principles." In the end, Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? was reprinted for a time as a movie tie-in with the film poster as a cover and the original title in parenthesis below the Blade Runner title.
The producers of the film arranged for a screening of some special effects rough cuts for Philip K. Dick shortly before he died in early 1982. Despite his well known skepticism of Hollywood in principle, he became quite enthusiastic about the film. He said, "I saw a segment of Douglas Trumbull's special effects for Blade Runner on the KNBC-TV news. I recognized it immediately. It was my own interior world. They caught it perfectly." He also approved of the film's script, saying, "After I finished reading the screenplay, I got the novel out and looked through it. The two reinforce each other, so that someone who started with the novel would enjoy the movie and someone who started with the movie would enjoy the novel."
The film also draws upon We Can Build You, another of Dick's novels. In chapter 3 of We Can Build You, another character named Pris is described as wearing "odd make-up, eyes outlined in black, a harlequin effect, and almost purple lipstick; the whole color scheme made her appear unreal and doll-like." This description inspired the make-up worn by Pris in Blade Runner.
So I cast my vote with the best theme being that Deckard can't be sure. The work supports that quite well, and fails to support much more than that.
No,no,no, NO goddammit! The point is that empathy is what makes beings human. These things lack empathy, hence are not human. Got that? Sure, the movie is confused about this -- especially the ending, which is a complete fraud
No,no,no, NO goddammit! The point is that empathy is what makes beings human. These things lack empathy, hence are not human. Got that? Sure, the movie is confused about this -- especially the ending, which is a complete fraud and changing it may go some way toward redeeming this schlock -- but it still states the premise. The fact that we have some feeling for these creatures is proof of our own humanity.
Justinian: No, Roy Batty doesn't show empathy. You are empathising with him, he isn't feeling anything except the loss of his own existence.
1)"They are not human because they lack empathy" is the premise of the movie.
2) The movie then violates its own premise.
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