Today is June 28th
, June 15th on the Julian Calendar, and it holds a great historical significance to Serbia.
619 years ago today, the Battle of Kosovo
was fought between the Ottoman Empire and the Tsardom of Serbia, which ended as a victory for the Ottomans after an epic stand to the end, resulting in the deaths of both the Serbian king and the Ottoman Sultan.
94 years ago today, the Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated
in Sarajevo by Gavrilo Princip, a member of the Black Hand organisation, ultimately triggering the First World War.
5 years later, the Treaty of Versailles was signed in Paris, marking an end to the Great War (The Six Months That Changed The World video lecture by John V. Denson)
In 1921, King Alexander I of Yugoslavia (what was then the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
) signed the Constitution
for the country.
In 1948, the Cominform condemned the Yugoslav Communist leaders in a "Resolution on the State of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia), formally splitting the Yugoslav partisans and the Soviet Union under Stalin.
In 1989, Slobodan Milosevic delivered a speech
in Kosovo, against a backdrop of tensions between an exploding Albanian population and the existing Serbian population, paradoxically advocating unity and brotherhood between the peoples of Kosovo and simultaneously fanning nationalist rhetoric, breaking from Tito's anti-nationalistic line.
In 2001, Milosevic was deported to the International Criminal Courts of Justice in The Hague to stand trial for a slew of charges weighed against him, finally dying before any ruling could be served.
And finally, in 2006, Montenegro became the 192nd member of the United Nations.
All of these events, on June 28th, Saint Vitus' Day.