Russell’s contributions to logic, epistemology, and the philosophy of mathematics established him as one of the foremost philosophers of the 20th century.
Pythagoras is one of the most interesting and puzzling men in history. Not only are the traditions concerning him an almost inextricable mixtures of truth and falsehood, but even in their barest and least disputable form they present us with a very curious psychology.
He may be described, briefly, as a combination of Einstein and Mrs. Eddy. He founded a religion, of which the main tenets were the transmigration of souls and the sinfulness of eating beans. His religion was embodied in a religious order, which, here and there, acquired control of the State and established a rule of the saints. But the unregenerate hankered after beans, and sooner or later rebelled.
It's actually sort of difficult to place Russell's influence. For almost any topic in logic or philosophy that he worked on at the time, others were doing what he did, and were clearly better at it and provided more influential and lasting works. Frege dwarfs Russell on logic and language in almost every respect; Russell's epistemology was sort of naive and his later phenomenalist position on external things being logical constructions of sense data is really bizarre; his political writings are well-intentioned but more pop than scholarly and I've never even seen them mentioned in current academic writings.
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