June 11, 2010 3:32 PM Subscribe
posted by misteraitch (20 comments total)
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are photographs achieved without cameras; shadow-pictures made by placing objects upon or in front of photo-sensitive surfaces, and then exposing them to light.
The first permanent photograms
were made by the pioneers of photography: Niépce
produced photoengravings in the 1820s; and in the 1830s, Fox Talbot created "photogenic drawings
" i.e. "Natural Objects [...] made to delineate themselves without the aid of the Artist’s pencil." In 1843, Anna Atkins
(a friend of Fox Talbot's) self-published what is considered to be the first book
illustrated with photographic images.
In 1895, a picture
of a woman's hand introduced the world to a revolutionary new kind of photogram.
In the 20th century Christian Schad's Schadographs
, Man Ray's Rayographs
helped transform what had been a strictly documentary technique into a new means of artistic expression.
Some more recent examples: Jerry Burchfield's lumen prints
; Martha Casenave
's lumens & silver photograms; Angela Easterling's natural photograms