School officials testified in last year's hearing that the benefit of a competitive cheer team is more athletic opportunities for women at lower cost. Quinnipiac's cheerleading team cost the school about $1,250 per roster spot, the school testified last year. The team currently has 30 members. The volleyball team cost more than $6,300 per team member with 11 players in 2008-09 and a budget of more than $70,000, according to the testimony.
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 is a United States law enacted on June 23, 1972. ... The law states that
No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance...
—United States Code Section 20,
In 1979, the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare under Jimmy Carter's administration issued a policy interpretation for Title IX, including what has become known as the "three-prong test" of an institution's compliance.
Prong one - Providing athletic participation opportunities that are substantially proportionate to the student enrollment, OR
Prong two - Demonstrate a continual expansion of athletic opportunities for the underrepresented sex, OR
Prong three - Full and effective accommodation of the interest and ability of underrepresented sex.
I'm sorry but I don't think that shaking your ass and doing the splits while wearing sexy costumes and grinning enthusiastically in order to rouse the crowds could be called a sport nor do I believe that creates more opportunities-- unless your goal is to train more pole dancers.
Actually, in all honesty, I can't figure out why ice dancing (or even regular figure skating) is a sport and ballet isn't.
As a woman and as the mother of a 17 year old girl, I don't think the Dallas Cowboy Cheerleaders is anything to aspire to.
Watching that video, I see that it incorporates a lot of dance aspects, and that the women's moves are sometimes overtly sexual. Their outfits are also very flashy and revealing, and it would be difficult to argue that that's only for practicality, given that the male outfits cover their whole bodies.
The participants are all around the same size and shape, which makes me suspect that a uniform look -- that matches one particular ideal -- is pretty important.
(For the record, I do have an issue with artistic gymnastics for as long as male and female gymnasts are held to different standards with regards to things like dance moves in floor routines. However, it seems to me like even though gymnastics has these issues, there is a heavier emphasis on the athletic side of the sport than in competitive cheer.)
I think it is more properly categorized as a type of dance.
True, gymnastics has these qualities, but cheerleading as competition is not well established yet, at least not enough to be considered a sport.
Arts and sports should both be well supported, ideally.
How liberating is it when we tell her girls, "Hey honey, sorry we don't have the money or the interest for you to compete in volleyball, but we sure would appreciate you putting on these short shorts and cheering on our boys."
"nor do I believe that creates more opportunities-- unless your goal is to train more pole dancers" because I am a little hazy as to what opportunities the school is creating.
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