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January 5, 2010
A series of studies conducted at GE's Hawthorne Works in Cicero, Illinois in the 1920s remain some of the most important in social science, with a lasting impact on the working lives of almost everybody. Before the Hawthorne Experiments
, the approach to work was to treat humans like machines
, optimizing their movements and time. But the researchers in Cicero discovered that any change in the workplace, even dimming the lights, increased productivity, because the plant workers reacted to being studied. The "Hawthorne Effect
" launched a management revolution
, suggesting that worker's feelings and attitudes might actually be important. Except, according a new paper by the author of Freakonomics
, the results of the Hawthorne studies "proved to be entirely fictional."
posted by blahblahblah at 11:19 AM PST - 26 comments
Is television holding back the evolution of football? What is rarely considered is that television could be shaping the way the game is played, and not necessarily for the better. It sounds, admittedly, a touch far-fetched, but two of football's most respected thinkers believe it to be true, and when Jorge Valdano and Arrigo Sacchi are in agreement, it is usually worth listening.
Sports journalist Jonathan Wilson
investigates the effect televised football/soccer might be having on the tactics of the game. [more inside]
posted by dng at 7:00 AM PST - 64 comments