Law enforcement authorities are in awe of the new wave of narco "supersubs"
that are being found in the jungles of Colombia. [more inside]
New York City Water Tunnel No. 3
has been under construction since 1970 and completion is expected in 2020. (Be sure to click the sidebars.)
City Water Tunnels Nos. 1 and 2 have been operating continuously since 1917 and 1936, and currently cannot be shut down for repair without disrupting the city's water supply. Popular Mechanics
have articles, Newsday
has photos, and 60 Minutes
has an article with video. Local paper The Villager
covers the construction of one of the many shafts that connect to the tunnel. It has inspired a one-woman show
. The Sandhog Project
covers the workers, called "Sandhogs," with photos, sound, and video. Over twenty sandhogs died building the tunnel.
Eighty years ago, William Mulholland
completed his final project: the St. Francis Dam,
which converted San Francisquito Canyon--about 5 miles northeast of what is now Santa Clarita, California
--into a 38,000 acre-foot reservoir for Los Angeles/Owens River aqueduct water.
You're probably familiar with Mulholland's name
--he designed and built the Los Angeles Aqueduct
and the beginning of the system with which Los Angeles is supplied water
from the Central Valley--and as a gesture of gratitude, the city named its most scenic highway
in his honor. Mulholland, the California Water Wars,
the aqueduct, and the dam were also referenced and alluded to extensively in Roman Polanski's Chinatown.
But the man
who helped build an immense metropolis by bringing water to the desert has only a small fountain
as a memorial to his legacy. Three minutes before midnight, on March 12, 1928...