of French Guiana and Surinam (Bush Negroes or Maroons
) are a unique, and little-known group of peoples (Boni or Aluku
) who escaped from Dutch plantations in the early 1700's, who battled for independence which was recognized through various treaties -- notably by the Treaty of Albina which France and the Netherlands signed in 1860 (I can't find any info on the net), and who still live an African-type life largely based around the Maroni River
between French Guiana
, as citizens of either one country or the other. Their language is Sranan Tongo
(a mixture of African Languages, English, Dutch, Portuguese and Hebrew -- also known as Taki-Taki -- click for a listen
Historical and scholarly works are scarce, but they exist
(In English but mostly in Dutch or French).
Some pictures of typical houses
. Symbolic Woodwork
. More art
. Images of the people of French Guyana
. Images of various canoes in French Guiana. More photos of the Maroni River
. Amazonie Francaise
posted by pwedza
on Aug 26, 2006 -
In the late 18th or early 19th century a group of runaway slaves and serfs fled from Kentucky into the Ohio Territory, where they inter-married with Natives and formed a tribe - red, white & black - called the Ben Ishmael tribe. The Ishmaels (who seem to have been Islamically inclined) followed an annual nomadic route through the territory, hunting & fishing, and finding work as tinkers and minstrels. They were polygamists, and drank no alcohol. Every winter they returned to their original settlement, where a village had grown.
But eventually the US Govt. opened the Territory to settlement, and the ~official~ pioneers arrived. Around the Ishmael village a town began to spring up, called Cincinnati. Soon it was a big city. But Ishmael village was still there, engulfed & surrounded by "civilization." Now it was a ~slum~.
, Jackson Whites
, the Moors of Delaware
, the Ben Ishmaels--hat tip to Footnotes of History on that
Red Bones, Brass Ankles, Turks, Lumbees, Croatans
and other lost tribes
and rebel slave communities
The questions raised are what is race, tribe and family ...among others.
Included by extension are Hakim Bey
, The Moorish Orthodox Church
, various tribes of Black Indians
, Jukes, Kallikaks, Margaret Sanger, The Bell Curve
and Heather Locklear. (Step within the tent for the latter's interpetive dance)
posted by y2karl
on Nov 15, 2002 -