Rafaela Persson photographed
female drug addicts and their children in Afghanistan
. [more inside]
While most of the attention in the war on drugs has been focused on Mexico of late, the opium trade in Afghanistan is still alive. Though perhaps not as well this year, as Tajikistan reports far less opium crossing the border
, attributed to more use within Afghanistan
as well as an unexplained poppy blight
. With yields dropping and prices rising, US-backed efforts to encourage farmers to grow alternate crops
) may be derailed, despite a trade agreement with Pakistan
which promises to open the country's borders to more trade in legitimate consumer goods with India. Meanwhile, people are looking into ways
to turn the poppy fields into biofuels
With inadequate access to basic health care (WHO .doc summary)
, impoverished Afghans turn to cheap and available opium as 'medicine'
for pain relief, cough suppression and other ailments. The level of addiction among children is at a critical level.
Jawed Taiman's film Addicted in Afghanistan
provides some further perspective
. [more inside]
The poppy is bitterly ironic this Remembrance Day.
Borrowed from John McRae's classic In Flanders' Fields
, the poppy has shifted from a symbolic meaning
to the central subject of
an ongoing conflict
. As international intervention in Afghanistan continues, opium production
has reached record-breaking heights, with this single country now producing 90% of the world's total supply (utterly dwarfing global licit supply). Meanwhile, the world suffers a global opiate shortage(pdf)
, Canada's heroin maintenance project is threatened by politics
, and the National Review of Medicine suggests that prescription opiates are far more dangerous than the "usual suspects"
land used for growing opium
is now larger than the combined total under coca cultivation in Latin America - Colombia, Peru and Bolivia. No other country has produced narcotics on such a deadly scale since China in the 19 th century
. Opium in Afghanistan: Eradicate or subsidize
? [more inside]
So how's the War on Drugs proceeding in Afghanistan? Barry McCaffrey, former drug czar, trumpets
, "Opium production has been dramatically slashed by 48% just in the past year
.". Oops, actually that's the acreage of opium cultivation; production went down by only 10%
, due to increased yields. In any case, that's so last year
. Instead of the socially detrimental policy
of poppy eradication, wouldn't it be preferable
to allow licensing of poppies
for legitimate medical needs? The Afghan farmers agree
, but some think the idea is flawed
Lawless Iraq is 'key drug route'
Drug smugglers exploiting internal chaos in Iraq have turned the country into a transit route for Afghan heroin, an influential drug agency says.