When John Carlos raised his fist in a black power salute at the 1968 Olympics, it changed 20th-century history – and his own life – for ever. How does he feel about it now?
Musicians don't often end up on FBI watch lists, but the Last Poets
did, thanks to their links with the Black Panthers.
They were the rappers
of the civil rights era.
Made in Amerikkka
Niggers Are Scared Of Revolution!
Before the White Man Came
. [more inside]
In 1936 in the Jim Crow South, Robert F. Williams
was an 11-year-old black boy in Monroe, North Carolina, who watched helplessly as Jesse Helms Sr.
(father and namesake of the former senator
) beat an African-American woman to the ground and "dragged her off to the nearby jailhouse, her dress up over her head, the same way that a cave man would club and drag his sexual prey."
Years later, after a stint in the segregated military, Williams returned home to Monroe and worked as an NAACP organizer, where he brought international attention to the Kissing Case
, a 1958 incident in which two black boys under the age of 10 were sentenced to a reformatory for kissing a white girl. By then, Williams had also attracted controversy for his advocacy of armed self-defense, a position he outlined in the book Negroes with Guns
. But it would all change overnight in 1961, when Williams landed on FBI's Most Wanted
list, after being charged with kidnapping a white couple that Williams claimed he was trying to save from an angry black crowd. [more inside]
Tom Vague's History Walk
(PDF downloads) of the Notting Hill district is an evocative roll call of books, films, personalities, restaurants, anecdotes and a timeline strung together to cover the period 1950 to 2005. [whet your appetite inside]