"The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof...."
The Seventeeth Amendement provides for the direct election of U.S. Senators. Originally, Article I Section 3
of the United States Constition provided that each state's senators be chosen by that state's legislature.
The Populist Party platform
from 1892 on, called for direct senatorial election; and the Progressive movment
made it, along with Prohibition (18th Amendment) and Women's Suffrage (19th), a cornerstone of reform
. The 17th was ratified 8 April 1913,
when the required 36th of 48 states, Connecticut, approved it. Utah, however, had rejected it 41 days earlier, on 26 February 1913.
Although Utah never subsequently ratified it, the 17th Amendment, as part of the Federal Constitution, applies in Utah as in all U.S. States.
But in the name
of re-invigorating States' Rights
on the Right
-- and some less easy
-- have called for the repeal of the 17th Amendement. In 2003 Montana's Senate, after passing it out of committee, indefinitely postponed
by floor vote a bill
calling on Congress to repeal the 17th. Now, the President of Utah's 29-member State Senate [pdf],
with 19 co-sponsers, thinks he's figured out a way around the Constitution's 17th Amendment
. Debate on the S.B. 156
posted by orthogonality
on Jan 25, 2006 -