"As an important part of daily nourishment, women had always produced beer at home and for their own household. However, in Holland from the beginning of the thirteenth century beer production for the general market commenced. In the developing cities more and more labour was divided among specialised craftsmen. Professional breweries were established and the beer industry became a serious trade." -- female brewers in Holland and England
, a paper by Marjolien van Dekken looking at how the brewery industry changed in Early Modern Times from largely homebrewed and controlled by women to a more large scale and male dominated industry. [more inside]
Thinking of Holland you think of windmills and tulips, but the former is originally a Persian invention (as far as we know) while the latter came from Turkey. Worse, Holland is not even the name of the country you're thinking of. Luckily, there's a handy youtube video to explain the difference between Holland and the Netherlands
. [more inside]
Mirin Dajo (1912-1948, born Arnold Henske)
was pierced thru the torso (YouTube)
with fencing foils and skewers many times
, without bleeding
or showing any sign of injury
some links contain graphic content.
The Memory of The Netherlands
is an extensive digital collection of illustrations, photographs, texts, film and audio fragments from a large variety of Dutch cultural institutions. There are about 50 collections
Walking with Vermeer
- stroll through 17th century Delft via movie clips based on original drawings. Or tour his house and studio
via a 3D model to see a full inventory of household objects and to get some homely historical perspective on making love
, birthing babies
or dealing with trash and excrement
. And if you want to research further, Essential Vermeer
is the definitive resource for everything from historical research to current exhibits.
Follow the pollen trail...
The recent volatility
on the stock market has nothing on the Tulip Mania
that swept Holland in 1637. They went so gaga over over the colorful
heralds of spring that one blossom obsessed fella, for example, sold a brewery to buy a single bulb. It's become an example
of what happens
when we become economically overconfident. Myself, I'd rather deal in flowers than money, anyway.