In 1941, the Nazis turned the the Czech fortress and town of Terezin
into the ghetto of Theresienstadt
. The ghetto was a transit center
as well as a camp for high-profile people, and was turned into a "model Jewish settlement" in preparation for a Red Cross
visit in 1944. The "embellishment
" had the desired propaganda outcome - a "positive report
While researching Shoah
, Claude Lanzmann
interviewed Benjamin Murmelstein, the last surviving member of the Jewish Council of the Elders
in Theresienstadt. That footage is now in a new film
, "The Last Of The Unjust
." [more inside]
Dr. Gisella Perl was a gynecologist living in what is now Sighet, Rumania, when in 1944 she and her family were transported by the Nazis to the death camp at Auschwitz. There, she was forced to work under Joseph Mengele
in the camp hospital. After seeing the horrors and abuse
leading up to the murder of pregant women, she "decided that never again would there be a pregnant woman in Auschwitz."
Gisella Perl: Angel and Abortionist in the Auschwitz Death Camp [more inside]
John Demjanjuk, a Ukrainian immigrant to the United States and later accused and convicted of serving in the Nazi SS as a concentration camp guard, has died
802 Prisoners attempted escape from Auschwitz. 144 were successful. Kazimierz Piechowski, a Polish boy scout, was one of them. Today, at age 91, he tells his story
. [more inside]
Poland has declared a state of emergency, after
the infamous bronze sign reading "Arbeit Macht Frei"
at former Konzentrationslager (concentration camp) Auschwitz
was stolen yesterday. [more inside]
A Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust
- an overview of the people and events of the Holocaust through photographs, documents, art, music, and literature. It is designed to prepare K-12 teachers to approach this sensitive topic. The content is presented from three perspectives: Timeline, People, and The Arts. Produced by the University of South Florida.
The largest archive of Nazi prison camp records, which has been closed for 50 years, is going public
in May 2007. The International Tracing Service
in Bad Arolsen, Germany consists of 16 miles of files in six nondescript buildings in the German spa town and contains the fullest record of Nazi persecutions in existence. This past April
Germany finally agreed to open access to the archive
, ending a nasty diplomatic dispute
between the United States and Germany.
Remember.org is a huge archive of the Shoah.
It contains sections on the accounts of survivors and liberators
is an account by Helen L. of her childhood in Auschwitz, here
is Harry Herder's account of liberating Buchenwald, here
is Jacques Lipetz account of WWII in Manila, here
is part of a history of life in the Warsaw Ghetto), images
from the camps and pictures of artwork produced by survivors (here
then and now, here
is a picture of a prisoner at Dachau from this extensive archive of historical images
are some drawings by Jan Komski
, an Auschwitz survivor), and an extensive sections of excerpts of books written by survivors
. Many of the images and accounts on this website are quite disturbing.
From March 17 through June 30, 2002, The Jewish Museum in New York
will present "Mirroring Evil: Nazi Imagery/Recent Art". This exhibition features art of several young artists including this Lego concentration camp