Forty maps that explain the Middle East.
Includes sections on Middle East history, the region today, Israel-Palestine, Syria, Iran, Afghanistan, Saudi Arabia and oil, Iraq and Libya, and "points of light." [more inside]
In 2011, the CIA declassified documents admitting its involvement in the 1953 coup that overthrew Iran's elected government and installed Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, details of which were first first disclosed by the New York Times
in 2000. Timeline
. However, they refused to release them to the public
. Today, the National Security Archive research institute has (after a Freedom of Information Act lawsuit) obtained and made the 21 documents public. "Marking the sixtieth anniversary of the overthrow of Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddeq, the National Security Archive is today posting recently declassified CIA documents on the United States' role in the controversial operation. American and British involvement in Mosaddeq's ouster has long been public knowledge, but today's posting includes what is believed to be the CIA's first formal acknowledgement that the agency helped to plan and execute the coup
. [more inside]
"If nothing else, "Argo" is an exercise in American exceptionalism - perhaps the most dangerous fiction that permeates our entire society and sense of identity. It reinvents history in order to mine a tale of triumph from an unmitigated defeat. The hostage crisis, which lasted 444 days and destroyed an American presidency, was a failure and an embarrassment for Americans. The United States government and media has spent the last three decades tirelessly exacting revenge on Iran for what happened." -- Nima Shirazi explains what's wrong with Argo's depiction of the Iranian hostage crisis
The ‘Cyrus the Great Cylinder
’, is an artifact of the Persian Empire from the 6th century BCE inscribed in Babylonian (Akkadian) cuneiform on a clay cylinder, which has been widely, falsely claimed
as the first known recorded declaration of human rights, issued by the emperor Cyrus the Great. (Translation of the text
.) A recent TED talk by Neil MacGregor (Director of the British Museum and host of the BBC's History of the World
in 100 Objects
) discusses the Cylinder, and places it into historical perspective: 2600 Years of History in One Object. [more inside]
Last year's unprecedented
election protests in Iran
, would never have been possible if it hadn't been for the pioneering efforts of their country's "Blogfather," (Metafilter's own) Hossein "hoder"
literally founded the Persian blogging movement in 2001 ("Weblogistan
") that gave Iranians a way to speak out about their government on the internet and eventually would provide a global voice to the protesters. But for the last 600 days, Hoder has been imprisoned
, interrogated and tortured by the Iranian government, ostensibly on charges he was spying for Israel
. In reality his arrest was probably retaliation for "remarks he allegedly made on his blog about a key Shiite cleric and the third infallible Imam of Shiism."
Yesterday, he had
his first trial
. But his plight is not unique
. [more inside]
The Great Satan Myth.
We have discussed the US supported coup
of 1953 on MeFi before
. Now, Abbas Milani
, provides some more context to the complex relationship of the two countries.
Iran says it caught two pigeons spying on it's nuclear reactor.
It sounds crazy, but it's not as farfetched as you might think. The lowly pigeon has been used in military operations since the 12th century. Commando the Pigeon
flew 90 missions in German-occupied France during WWII. Pigeons like Commando, Winkie
, and Paddy
had a lock on the Dickin Medal
for animal bravery during WWII. Then again, maybe it's just crazy. Last year Iran said it had arrested 14 squirrels
What was Jiroft?
An ancient civilization in what is now southern Iran that was lost to history until very recently. Many beautiful artifacts
have been dug up. It is claimed that writing originated with the Jiroft civilization
and that this is the legendary kingdom of Aratta
, subject of one of the world's oldest works of literature, Enmerkar and the lord of Aratta
. There is dispute over both. Either way, it certainly was a commercial hub
as early as 3000 B.C. The site has been extensively plundered
in recent years, but is so rich in artifacts that excavations can go on for decades.
22 basic suggested readings on the Middle East
from history professor and informed commenter on Middle Eastern affairs Juan Cole