Spanning one-ninth of the earth's circumference across three continents, the Roman Empire ruled a quarter of humanity through complex networks of political power, military domination and economic exchange. These extensive connections were sustained by premodern transportation and communication technologies that relied on energy generated by human and animal bodies, winds, and currents. Conventional maps that represent this world as it appears from space signally fail to capture the severe environmental constraints that governed the flows of people, goods and information. Cost, rather than distance, is the principal determinant of connectivity. For the first time, ORBIS allows us to express Roman communication costs in terms of both time and expense. By simulating movement along the principal routes of the Roman road network, the main navigable rivers, and hundreds of sea routes in the Mediterranean, Black Sea and coastal Atlantic, this interactive model reconstructs the duration and financial cost of travel in antiquity.
Annie & Mac
are a talented, independent duo from Virginia that have created one of the largest repositories of Old-Time music
on their Youtube channel
. Songs include The Falls of Richmond
, Sandy Boys
, Arkansas Traveler
, the Crawdad Song
, and The Eighth of January
was an edutainment game developed in 1971. Schools across America used this game as a teaching tool to prepare children for the impending zombie apocolypse and dysentery."
"I'll take four oxen and all the bullets $1600 will get me": The Oregon Trail Official Trailer
is a cute modern remake of The Oregon Trail
1,100 Apple II games you can play online.
If you are too overwhelmed by your memories to know what to play, some playable classics: Oregon Trail*
, Ultima IV*
, Captain Goodnight and the Islands of Fear*
, Wings of Fury*
, Choplifter *
, Where in the World is Carmen Sandiego?*
. Or you can play the first game mod in history
: Castle Smurfenstein
, a modification of the 1983 original Castle Wolfenstein
. What did I miss?
[Young whippersnappers can click the asterisks to find out why the game was important. Use the left and right alt keys for joystick buttons, the other instructions are on the site. Emulator only works with IE, sorry. See also this.]