Is Africa cursed by oil?
November 25, 2014 1:11 PM Subscribe
Oil and conflict in Nigeria's Niger Delta region: Between the barrel and the trigger. In the most recent issue of The Extractive Industries and Society, Cyril Obi examines the "resource curse" explanation for the “failure” of African states: poverty, corruption and violent conflict.
In Nigeria's Niger Delta ethnic minority region, inter-ethnic tensions preceded the discovery of oil and its eventual emergence as the main source of national revenue. The advent of oil from the 1970s as the chief national revenue earner, becoming an object of inter and intra-ethnic as well as factional struggles for access to power, contributed to the deepening of pre-existing cleavages and contestations, rather than creating them.
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