"These deaths are concentrated in poor, segregated neighborhoods"
December 21, 2015 8:10 PM Subscribe
McBride wanted President Obama to make Ceasefire and similar programs part of his post-Newtown push to reduce gun violence. He had brought a short memo to give to White House staffers, outlining a plan to devote $500 million over five years to scaling such programs nationwide. His pitch to Biden that day was even simpler: Don’t ignore that black children are dying too.- Beyond Gun Control, Lois Beckett, The New Republic and Pro Publica
In response, the vice president agreed urban violence was very important, McBride said. But it was clear that “there was not a lot of appetite for that conversation by folks in the meeting,” McBride recalled. Later, other ministers who worked with McBride would get an even blunter assessment from a White House staffer: There was no political will in the country to address inner-city violence.Cure Violence, formerly Ceasefire, is a " teaching, training, research and assessment NGO focused on a health approach to violence prevention" founded in 2000 by Gary Slutkin, an epidemeologist.
Slutkin: Let's treat violence like a contagious disease
Chicago, Baltimore, Ferguson, New York . . . Cities Torn Apart . . . How Can We Change?
Visualizing the Shooting Epidemic in Baltimore from the Baltimore City Health Department
2008, New York Times:Blocking the Transmission of Violence
The traditional response has been more focused policing and longer prison sentences, but law enforcement does little to disrupt a street code that allows, if not encourages, the settling of squabbles with deadly force. Zale Hoddenbach, who works for an organization called CeaseFire, is part of an unusual effort to apply the principles of public health to the brutality of the streets. CeaseFire tries to deal with these quarrels on the front end. Hoddenbach’s job is to suss out smoldering disputes and to intervene before matters get out of hand. His job title is violence interrupter, a term that while not artful seems bluntly self-explanatory. Newspaper accounts usually refer to the organization as a gang-intervention program, and Hoddenbach and most of his colleagues are indeed former gang leaders. But CeaseFire doesn’t necessarily aim to get people out of gangs — nor interrupt the drug trade. It’s almost blindly focused on one thing: preventing shootings.2013: Chicago Drops CeaseFire from Anti-Violence Strategy
2014: From Zero Tolerance to Cure Violence: Is New York City Shifting on Gun Crime?
2015: Baltimore: How do you cool down urban violence when summer heats up?
Can a person’s brain be prevented from codifying violent behavior?
The brain is the manager of behaviors, but this is not seen or treated as a “mental health” issue. Rather, it is an issue of normal brain processes. While at first we need to have “interrupters” to help high-risk people off the hook socially, or go against the norms of their community, longer term it requires the expectations of a person’s [peer] group to change, and subconsciously driven behaviors will follow. So when someone says they’re going to retaliate violently, their group says, “You’re gonna do what?” You need to make a nonviolent response the group’s norm.Brookings: Focused Deterrence, Selective Targeting, Drug Trafficking and Organized Crime: Concepts and Practicalities
NIJ: Gun Violence Prevention Strategy: Focused Deterrence
CCL: The Effects of "Pulling Levers" Focused Deterrence Strategies on Crime
To synthesize the extant evaluation literature and assess the effects of pulling levers focused deterrence strategies on crime.CEBCP: Focused Deterrence Strategies
Based on our narrative review, we find that nine of the ten eligible evaluations reported statistically significant reductions in crime. It is important to note here that all ten evaluations used nonrandomized quasi-experimental designs. No randomized controlled trials were identified by our search strategies. Our meta-analysis suggests that pulling levers focused deterrence strategies are associated with an overall statistically-significant, medium-sized crime reduction effect.
recommended reading: Inner-City Violence in the Age of Mass Incarceration
The Real Problem With America’s Inner Cities
President Obama: He must address causes of inner city gun violence in Chicago speech
Who’s to Blame for Mass Incarceration?
People Resort To Violence Because Their Moral Codes Demand It
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