"We tend not to recognize the value of minority identity."
January 31, 2017 4:57 AM Subscribe
The term "horizontal hostility" was coined in 1970 by Florynce Kennedy, a renowned Black intersectionalist feminist and civil rights organizer, to describe infighting and aggression in groups of marginalized people. Judith B. White and Ellen J. Langer applied the concept to psychology in their paper "Horizontal Hostility: Relations Between Similar Minority Groups" (1999) [PDF], looking at Jewish congregations and varsity soccer teams, and finding prejudice aimed at "more mainstream" groups. In 2006, they went on the study the same phenomenon among vegetarians and vegans [PDF]. The concept has also been used to explain prejudice against bisexuals and light-skinned people of color and even the 2016 US primary race, among other divisions.
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