Respondents were recruited by an online survey research company and paid $5 for participation. They were randomly selected from a panel of 2.5 million respondents matched to the 2000 United States Census on gender, age, and education level. Mirroring national trends for White and Black Americans, the two samples differed on age, and education, such that the White sample was slightly older and more educated (see Table 1). The two groups did not differ on gender composition. Respondents were asked to "indicate how much you think Blacks [Whites] were/are the victims of discrimination in the United States in each of the following decades." They began with the 1950s and proceeded through the 2000s, rating racism against Blacks in each decade and then racism against Whites in each decade.
I think maybe a lot of us white men who aren't domestically violent or racist resent the systemic suspicion that we are not to be trusted because "men are the violent ones" or "whites are the racist ones" - not to belittle non-white or non-men's similar problems, mind you.
Four experiments investigate a modern paradox: White Americans harbor racial prejudice, but view themselves as unprejudiced. We hypothesized that social representations of prejudice available in American culture lead many Whites to conclude that they are relatively unprejudiced. In Experiment 1, participants primed with the bigot stereotype viewed themselves as less prejudiced. In Experiments 2 and 3, participants exposed to media representations of racists viewed themselves as less prejudiced. In Experiment 4, participants sought exposure to media representations of prejudice after a threat to their unprejudiced self-image. These experiments suggest that representations of prejudice in American culture lead prejudiced individuals to view themselves as unprejudiced, and the effect of these representations on people's unprejudiced self-images can be passive or intentional.
Individual in Group A: "I don't like it when people say 'As are like this.'"
Someone else: "Take it up with the As who really are like that!"
Muslim: "I don't like it when people say 'Muslims are terrorists.'"
Someone else: "Take it up with the Muslims who are terrorists!"
ferromagnetic material : minority groups
applied magnetic field : explicitly racist policies from back in the day
magnetic domains : life aspects of minority group members
co-orientation of magnetic domains : mutual influence of life aspects*
residual magnetic field : lingering effects of old policies
*(e.g. need money to get an education, need an education to get higher wages)
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