While developed countries are pondering whether they should sign up to The Kyoto 2 Protocol and cut greenhouse gas emissions by 5% by 2020, based on 2000 levels
which may be of questionable impact
, the tiny Pacific territory of Tokelau
has ditched its primary source of electricity generation, costly diesel imports, in favour of 100% renewable solar power
, becoming the first nation in the world to do so
, at a time when the global energy systems of the 21C are struggling towards decarbonisation.
Fiji, Tonga, Cook Islands, Niue, Tuvalu and several other Pacific Nations plan to achieve 100% electricity generation from renewable energy between by 2020
Energy sourcing, supply and security are vexing issues for most nations, especially against the backdrop of climate change. This week Australia's Government
issued an Energy White Pape
r that acknowledged the need to shift
to clean energy sources, (but that some say underestimates solar.
China issued its own White Paper in October
discussing developing hydropower, solar power and wind power generation, nuclear power, biomass and other types of renewable energy.
In Europe, economic powerhouse Germany is exported more electricity this year than ever before, despite beginning to phase out nuclear power.
While Germany is getting out of nuclear, India is seeking new sources of uranium (from Canada
) to solve its power woes (previously
) despite reports
India's nuclear regulations are not up to scratch
Japan is understandably nervous about relying on nuclear power into the future, and it is assessing greater gas-fired power
from LNG imports
, and geothermal
for some added energy security.
What the US election means for North America's energy output is unknown. The CEO of one coal company just decided to lay off 150+ workers on the news of Obama's re-election
, fearing change and the "coal war"
which aims to reduce
coal-fired power in the US, while others feel "dirty" energy interests
will keep renewables on the sidelines. Wind and solar companies feel good about the result
In other news, four teenage girls from Africa claim to have invented a urine-powered generator that will provide six hours of power from one litre of liquids
(via The Guardian