She’s spent more than 10 years working on projects to make the public beaches in Malibu actually public, culminating so far in the creation of Our Malibu Beaches. She raised more than $32,000 from more than 800 backers on Kickstarter in order to make the iPhone app free all summer and to develop an Android version.
It is not unusual to see people dig a hole in the sand and change their oil into it
New Zealand coastal property ownership is a patchwork of old and new laws, meaning a beach walk can take you across land controlled by the Crown, local councils, and private owners without your knowing.
The Queen's Chain has become a catch-all term for strips of publicly owned land next to the foreshore, rivers and lakes, initially set aside for access but also increasingly used for conservation. The chain refers to an early surveyor's tool made of 100 links, a total of 66ft or 20m.
[T]he Queen's Chain is really a shorthand term for an incomplete series of publicly owned strips of land next to beaches, lakes and rivers. . . [including] marginal strips and esplanade reserves, depending on whether they are reserved from Crown land or private land. Marginal strips of 20m are reserved along rivers, lakes and the foreshore when Crown land is sold. Esplanade reserves [also 20m wide] are created by local councils.
It is estimated that some form of Queen's Chain currently applies to about 60 per cent of [New Zealand's] coast, lakefronts and significant rivers . . . . [and t]he Government has indicated it wants to expand public access to the coast further.
[. . . ]
A small number of coastal property owners have titles down to the low tide mark [foreshore]. . . . If foreshore is in private hands, the owners can ask you to stay out, and could prosecute for trespass. But it is highly unlikely they could fence such land off because local councils are unlikely to approve such structures under the Resource Management Act.
A larger category of landowners hold titles down to high water mark . . . which is further inland. . . . [T]o fence them off property owners would have to get resource consent from the City Council, which has a policy against structures on the beach.
Unless a property has title to the foreshore, though, you can still legally walk along the area between high and low tides.
Everyone can enjoy Scotland's outdoor access rights. In summary, some of the main features of the Land Reform (Scotland) Act 2003 are:
• Everyone has the statutory right of access
• Access rights apply to all land and inland waters, unless excluded (as below)
• Access rights are for outdoor recreation, for crossing land and water, and for some educational and commercial purposes
• Exercising access rights, and managing access land, must be done responsibly.
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