"In the first half of December, 1936, Mario de Vecchi di Val Cismon was appointed governor of the Dodecanese Islands. An arch-fascist, his arrival marked the beginning of severe anti-Jewish measures in Rhodes. The Rabbinical College was closed. Jews were required to keep their stores open on the Sabbath and Jewish festivals. De Vecchi even demanded one hundred tombstones from the Jewish cemetery for use as building material for his new house. De Vecchi's predecessors used to visit the Jewish synagogues on Rosh Hashannah. De Vecchi, however, demanded that the Jewish community council visit him on that holy day."
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