Though this study has placed emphasis on the study of conditional effects, it also reveals numerous general effects of student-faculty interactions (i.e., effects that generally do not vary by race, gender, class or first-generation status). These are listed below, along with notable exceptions in parentheses:
• Raising performance standards due to high faculty standards promotes integration for all groups;
• Raising performance standards due to high faculty standards promotes critical thinking for all groups (except African Americans and Latinos);
• Raising performance standards due to high faculty standards promotes social awareness for all groups (except African Americans);
• Assisting faculty in research for course credit predicts higher GPAs and degree aspirations for all groups;
• Assisting faculty in research for course credit predicts critical thinking (for all groups except Asians and African Americans); and
• Performing voluntary research with a faculty member promotes degree aspirations for all groups.
We can also learn something from the descriptive analyses presented in this study. Worth noting is that for each measure of student-faculty interaction, there is greater variation across racial group than across any of the other groups (as defined by gender, class, and first-generation status).
In sum, this study reveals gender and racial differences in the impact of student-faculty interaction across undergraduate student outcomes, though no such differences by class or first-generation status. It justifies the study of conditional effects of student-faculty interaction, though it does not reveal any clear patterns into the nature of these conditional effects. Perhaps such patterns, if they exist, will become more evident as a broader range of student-faculty interaction measures is incorporated into future iterations of this study. Nevertheless, as discussed above, descriptive results do reveal potentially important differences across gender and race in the extent and nature of student faculty interactions.
This sounds like it's coming from someone who doesn't have an agenda to push. Thanks!
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