We cannot approach utopia in terms of material welfare because we can always imagine how increased resources could give us a more comfortable and rewarding life. Or perhaps it is better to say that from the standpoint of every previous century we have surpassed utopia, but failed to stop and properly appreciate the accomplishment.With over half the world still impoverished, it'll be a while before all our material needs are met and wants satisfied (+ we can imagine quite a bit, as Han Solo sez) still the marginal utility of wealth diminishes and so but if you can ignore positional goods, conspicuous consumption and status effects, what we'll literally be left with, it seems, are our values.
An equally important answer, of course, is that Utopia does not require merely command over nature. It requires command over self, and command over society as well. Command over self is a matter of psychology. [W]e have not achieved utopia--in spite of immense material wealth--because we have approached it as a problem of engineering, and it is in fact a problem of psychology.
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