The land was not surveyed at that time and you just "squatted" as they called it, on a piece of land that took your fancy. When you moved away you sold it for a few dollars or else just vacated it.
They spent one year on their first chosen site and then two years about ten miles further on where the grass was plentiful. There was a high hill not far away called the "Big Boss" and the old North Battleford Trail passed nearby. There were many friendly Indians who were frequent callers.
Prior to this signing, smallpox epidemics were killing communities, the buffalo was starting to diminish due to increased competition from Cree and Métis hunters, as well as the mass slaughter of buffalo on the prairies by non-Indigenous groups to make room for the railroad and settlement.
Treaty 7 was signed in 1877 in southern Alberta at Soyoohpawahko, or Bowfoot Crossing. Five Alberta First Nations signed the treaty. The Kanai (Blood), Siksika (Blackfoot), Piikani (Peigan), Nakoda (Stoney) and Tsuu T’ina (sarcee). There was 4000 First Nations people present to witness the negotiations and signing. This treaty did not include the medicine chest clause, the famine clause and assisting with cultivation clause. Treaty 7 signatories wished to concentrate their agricultural efforts on ranching. With this in mind, the treaty commissioners agreed to reduce the amount of the agricultural implements and seed stock in exchange for an increased number of cattle, with an exception for some bands who wanted to focus on farming. Another significant difference from Treaty 6 is that Treaty 7 states that the Crown will pay for teachers' salaries instead of the maintenance of school buildings. Instead of promising schools on reserve, the only guarantee is that the government will pay the salary of teachers.
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