Bill Moggridge, 1943-2012
"I think it's always wise to remember to use the dirtiest method you possibly can at the time. Use the quickest thing and the simplest thing for the stage you're at." Bill Moggridge, designer, co-founder of IDEO and director of the Smithsonian's Cooper-Hewitt Design Museum, died after a battle with cancer on September 8 2012.
Born in Britain and a graduate of Central St Martins School of Art and Design, Moggridge is perhaps best-known as the lead industrial designer for the first clamshell laptop, the Grid Compass 1101
, which was designed in 1979 and released in 1982 at a price of $8150. The Grid, aimed at high-level executives and government operatives, found its way into military and scientific uses, and was taken into space during Space Shuttle missions.
(GRiD Systems Corporation, one of Silicon Valley's first stealth startups, also created a stylus-driven tablet
, and a "convertible" laptop-tablet hybrid
. It was bought by Tandy in 1988, and the brand survives as a producer of ruggedized systems for military uses.)
In 1991, Moggridge's design consultancy, id Two, merged with David Kelley Design (creators of the first Apple mouse) and Matrix Product Design to form the IDEO
product design agency. IDEO products included the Palm V
for 3Com, which prioritized slenderness and screen size, and introduced a cradle-charging lithium-ion battery to the handheld device.
Moggridge took up the directorship of the Cooper-Hewitt
in March 2010 - the Museum has put up a memorial site
. He delivered the 2010 Cooper-Hewitt keynote, "What is Design
?". Fast Company profiled
his plans for the museum in their October 2011 issue.
Often identified as the father of interaction design, Moggridge wrote Designing Interactions
, and a follow-up, Designing Media.