Rand was born [...] to a bourgeois family living in Saint Petersburg. [...] Rand's father was a successful pharmacist, eventually owning a pharmacy and the building in which it was located. [...] Rand's family life was disrupted by the rise of the Bolshevik party under Vladimir Lenin. Her father's pharmacy was confiscated by the Bolsheviks, and the family fled to the Crimea, which was initially under the control of the White Army during the Russian Civil War. [...] After graduating from high school in the Crimea, at 16 Rand returned with her family to Petrograd (the new name for Saint Petersburg), where they faced desperate conditions, on occasion nearly starving.
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